Knee Joint Replacement surgery
Knee joint replacement can help relieve pain and restore function, but the success of such surgeries depends on the qualifications of the surgeon and the equipment used during the surgery.
The most common reason to have a knee joint replaced is to repair joint damage caused by osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Benefits of Knee Replacement:
After a knee replacement, patients will experience:
Significant pain relief
Better quality of life and resume most normal daily activities
Ability to pray
Is Knee Replacement the Correct Choice?
Your doctor might try prescribing medicines, physiotherapy, arthroscopy, or injections to reduce your pain. But in case of severe arthritis, knee replacement would be the best choice. Your doctor may refer you to an orthopedic surgeon for a thorough evaluation to determine if you might benefit from this surgery.
Medical history: the surgeon will gather information about your general health and ask you about the location and severity of your knee pain.
X-rays. These images are necessary to determine the extent of damage and deformity in your knee.
Preparing for Surgery
To make sure that you can undergo the surgery, your doctor will order some tests pre-operatively. You have to inform your doctor about all your health problems and the medicines you take even over the counter medications. This is very important because your doctor might order to stop taking some medications such as Aspirin and anticoagulants.
You will be requested to do:
Anesthesia evaluation to determine which type of anesthesia will be the best for you.
Chest x-ray and blood tests.
Pre-operation routine tests.
After admission, you will be transferred to the operating room and sedated. The surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone, and then position the new metal and plastic implants to restore the alignment and function of your knee.
Your Hospital Stay
The advantage of knee replacement surgery that it requires only a short stay in the hospital. The physiotherapist will provide you with certain instructions that make recovery process faster.
After surgery, pain can be relieved by medications either through intramuscular injections or intravenously. It is expected to feel some pain after the surgery, inform your surgeon in case medications did not relieve your pain.
After surgery, a physical therapist will teach you some exercises that improve the blood circulation and reduce your pain. Also, the exercises help to strengthen your leg, protect your new knee and restore movement.
Few hours after the surgery, you can start standing and walking. The first steps would be with the help of the walker and the physical therapist. It is important to practice walking at least every hour.
Practice specific exercises to protect your new knee and restore movement.
Follow up with your surgeons regularly.
Avoid strong movements.
Important Instructions before Surgery
Bring your x-ray and all medical reports
Perform the required tests before surgery
Sign the required informed consent
Take appointment with the anesthesia doctor at least three days before the surgery
Be present in the hospital between 9 am to 4 pm one day before the surgery